The Island of Krk is the north most island and one of the biggest islands of the Adriatic Sea, located in the Kvarner Gulf, to the east of the Istria peninsula.
The Island of Krk has a surface equal to 405.78 km² and is surrounded by multiple smaller islands, most of all the Island of St Mark (Sv. Marko) to the north, the islands Plavnik, Kormat and Košljun from the south-western side, and islands Prvić, Galun and Zec from south-eastern side.
Amongst those, the most notable is the island Košljun – a phenomenon of nature and culture.
The Island of Krk is a part of the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County. It’s divided into the City of Krk and six communes: Punat, Baska, Dobrinj, Malinska, Omišalj and Vrbnik, and is inhabited by 19,286 of residents.
The area is characterized by various kinds of rich karst processes: Caves (Biserujka Cave near Dobrinj), karst craters and earth cracks. Rich fields are located in the central area of the island, and the coast is characterized by a vast number of bays and rocky shores.
We can say without a doubt that the Island of Krk is the most accessible island in Croatia. It’s possible to access it by a car, bus, ship and plane, and the nearest railway station is located in Rijeka (56 km). In the year 1980, the Island of Krk was connected to the mainland with a bridge. There are ship connections from the Island of Krk to islands Cres and Rab (the ship cruises from June to September).
The “Rijeka” airport is located near Omišalj, on the Island of Krk, and connects our island with many European cities.
The Island of Krk lies in an area characterized by a temperate and mild climate. The average air temperature during summer lies at 26 ° C. The most common is the northern wind, locally called “Bura”, “Sirocco” (the residents also refer to it as “jugo”) and the sea wind, which locals call Maestral. The Island of Krk is also one of the sunniest areas in Europe with 2,500 sunny hours each year.
Fauna and Flora
The variety of soil and climates contributed towards the development of over 1300 different types of plants. The center and western parts of the island are characterized with forests, the cultivation of vegetables, Mediterranean fruit, Gaia olives and vineyards.
On the other hand, the northern and southern parts of the island, most often comprise of pastures and rocky terrains. Because of this, the landscape of Krk is very distinct from itself, with stone walls (gromače) pasture barracks (pastirski mrgari) at the feet of the mountain belt on the karst meadows of Baška on the other side.
Here, the protection of environment is followed in a constant and systematic way. It’s the most noticeable on the beaches of the Island, on the flapping in the wind numerous blue flags: in the cities of Krk, Baska, Malinska, Nivice, Omisalj and Punat Marina.
The blue Flag is the symbol of a preserved, secure and pleasant environment for vacation, recreation and entertainment, and also represents a correctly functioning system of coastal zone management and the tourism development control.